According to news sources, BP is allegedly using a dispersant called Corexit EC9527A. According to the EPA this formulation contains water, propylene glycol, and 2-butoxyethanol, as well as an unspecified confidential additive.
I guess the question is, what purpose does this treatment serve? By dispersing the petroleum, I assume that the effect is to spread a given mass of petroleum into a larger volume of sea water by virtue of producing dispersed globules of oil-phase material. Does the increased surface area result in off-gassing of volatiles and subsequent submergence of the now denser oil phase? Or, will the dispersed petroleum simply drift into larger patches of oily water? If it enables an increased dispersion so that the currents can chaotically distribute the petroleum to a greater range of shorelines, is this treatment of any real benefit? Perhaps it is better in the long run to have a heavier coating on fewer beaches? Less acreage to scrape.
EPA is making noise about BP’s choice of Corexit. Seems to me that butyl cellosolve has been in the market for quite some time. There should be some information on its fate in the watershed. Judging from the map, the oil spill is near the dead zone around the mouth of the Mississippi River. So, until somebody gets some survey data, it’ll be hard to estimate the magnitude of the environmental insult of this event to the open ocean.
I do not understand what government officials were trying to do by saying that they might take over control of this spill. What is the government going to do to a petroleum discharge a mile below the surface? Call the Navy? Or Boots & Coots? As good as these guys may be, they’re land lubbers.
Let the folks at BP finish the job.